From mere struggle to collective evolution, humans have reaped the benefits of staying together in form of groups and later, civilizations. The world has witnessed various civilizations through its history. Some of the most popular oldest existing civilizations of the world are as follows
10 Oldest Existing Civilizations of the World
Indus Valley Civilization
Situated in the Indus Valley, this civilization is one of the oldest and most widespread. It is known for its technological advancements, the great accuracy, and richness of arts and crafts.
Mayan civilization was a prosperous civilization with sophistication and the booming population. People devised ways of writing and recording solar calendars.
The largest empire of North America flourished in Pre-Columbia era in present day’s regions of Peru, Ecuador and Chile. Fortresses like Machu Picchu and the city of Cusco are examples of their architectural skills.
Mesopotamia witnessed the first ever civilization on the planet Earth. Situated in the current day Iraq, people of this civilization started domesticating animals.
Ancient Egyptian Civilization
This culture has given this world the pyramids, sphinx and phoenix. Flourishing by the river Nile, the Egyptian civilization witnessed the rule of Pharaohs, the concept of mummification and prodigious culture.
Also called the Yellow River civilization, it is the oldest to flourish in China.
Wise rulers and military strength were civilization’s characteristics.
Established in current day Mexico, the civilization was formed by the combination of three rival cities – Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan. It fell after the battle with Incas civilization.
Ancient Greek Civilization
Being an influential civilization, it was wide spread and divided in Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic period.
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Earlier governed by kings, the people of the civilization formed senates to govern themselves. Thus, tRoman Republic was formed and gave rise to leaders like Trajan, Julius Caesar and Augustus.
These civilizations are a testimony of the various learnings for a human race. They showcase all that the humans have gone through and how they have sustained themselves. The inventions, lifestyles, ideas and philosophies have contributed to what we are today.