10 Oldest Existing Civilizations of the World

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Oldest Existing Civilizations of the World

From mere struggle to collective evolution, humans have reaped the benefits of staying together in form of groups and later, civilizations. The world has witnessed various civilizations through its history. Some of the most popular oldest existing civilizations of the world are as follows

10 Oldest Existing Civilizations of the World

Indus Valley Civilization

Situated in the Indus Valley, this civilization is one of the oldest and most widespread. It is known for its technological advancements, the great accuracy, and richness of arts and crafts.

Mayan Civilization

Mayan civilization was a prosperous civilization with sophistication and the booming population. People devised ways of writing and recording solar calendars.

Incas Civilization

The largest empire of North America flourished in Pre-Columbia era in present day’s regions of Peru, Ecuador and Chile. Fortresses like Machu Picchu and the city of Cusco are examples of their architectural skills.

Mesopotamian Civilization

Mesopotamia witnessed the first ever civilization on the planet Earth. Situated in the current day Iraq, people of this civilization started domesticating animals.

Ancient Egyptian Civilization

This culture has given this world the pyramids, sphinx and phoenix. Flourishing by the river Nile, the Egyptian civilization witnessed the rule of Pharaohs, the concept of mummification and prodigious culture.

Chinese Civilization

Also called the Yellow River civilization, it is the oldest to flourish in China.

Persian Civilization

Wise rulers and military strength were civilization’s characteristics.

Aztecs Civilization

Established in current day Mexico, the civilization was formed by the combination of three rival cities – Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan. It fell after the battle with Incas civilization.

Ancient Greek Civilization

Being an influential civilization, it was wide spread and divided in Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic period.

Interesting Read: Largest Kingdoms in the world

Roman Civilization

Earlier governed by kings, the people of the civilization formed senates to govern themselves. Thus, tRoman Republic was formed and gave rise to leaders like Trajan, Julius Caesar and Augustus.

These civilizations are a testimony of the various learnings for a human race. They showcase all that the humans have gone through and how they have sustained themselves. The inventions, lifestyles, ideas and philosophies have contributed to what we are today.

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