Sex Education: Birth Control and Family Planning

family planning

Birth control and family planning are different methods that control a woman’s pregnancy which benefits not only a woman who’s avoiding the said circumstances, but also the society wherein the growing population has become a worldwide concern, and so are the sexually transmitted diseases.

The said methods will also help in reducing the need for abortion, which can be unsafe for the host. Want to know more? Read on as we discuss things that will help you learn more about family planning and birth control.

Family Planning

Family planning is a decision of a couple on the number and spacing of their children, wherein they would use specific methods, such as the use of contraception, natural planning, hormonal birth control, or abstinence as ways to achieve the goal of number of children and year gap between them that they have in mind.

Natural Family Planning (NFP) is a form of pregnancy planning which does not involve medicine or any birth control devices. NFP is about knowing when to have sexual intercourse which involves keeping track of a woman’s bodily changes throughout her menstruation cycle.

family planning

About Birth Control

Birth control method has various methods that can be classified into barrier methods which prevent the sperm cells from reaching the egg; hormonal methods which prevent ovulation; an IUD or intrauterine device which allows fertilization of the egg but prevents the implantation of the fertilized egg inside the woman’s womb.

Examples of Barrier Methods are the following:

• Male and Female Condoms
• Diaphragms
• Sponge
• Cervical cap

Examples of Hormonal Methods are the following:

• Birth Control Pills
• Skin Patches
• Vaginal Rings

Intrauterine Device

Intrauterine Device or IUD for short is a small T-shape piece of a flexible plastic which is inserted into a woman’s uterus as a way to prevent pregnancy. IUD have five different brands namely: Mirena, Kyleena, Skyla, Liletta, and ParaGard. These IUDs are then divided into two types: copper IUDs (ParaGard) and hormonal IUDs (Mirena, Kyleena, Skyla, and Liletta).

So how do they work? To start off, both hormonal and copper IUDs prevents pregnancy through changing the way sperm cells move so they can’t get to an egg, making it impossible for pregnancy to take place.

ParaGard, a copper IUD prevents pregnancy by making it impossible got sperm cells to get to the egg since sperms do not like copper. On the other hand, the hormonal IUDs Mirena, Kyleena, Skyla, and Liletta prevent pregnancy in two ways: thickening the mucus on the cervix which blocks and traps the sperm, and second, stopping the egg from ovulating which means leaving no egg for sperms to fertilize with.

family planning

Fast Facts About Birth Control

• The only birth control method that could help prevent STIs or Sexually Transmitted Infections are male condoms.
• No birth control method is 100 percent effective in preventing STIs and pregnancy. Although there are methods that have higher effective rates than the others, the only method for a 100 percent effectivity against pregnancy is abstinence.
• The different form of birth control methods has different side effects and risk profiles.

Does Birth Control Raise Health Risks?

If you are wondering about if it raises health risks, well then, the answer to that is: yes, it does. Use of birth control can pose health risks depending on your health and the type of birth control method that you use which is why it is necessary to talk to your doctor about what birth control method is right for you.

family planning

Examples of birth control method with risks include:

• Hormonal Birth Control. Combination birth control pills and other forms of hormonal birth control methods like skin patches and vaginal risks may risk your health by clotting the blood and raising bars for your high blood pressure. With this said, high blood pressure and blood clots can result in heart attack or stroke. However, no need to fret since these severe side effects are rare.

• Spermicides. Irritation of the vagina can happen when spermicides that have nonoxynol-9 is used, which eventually can raise your risk of getting HIV. Now, if you are planning to use this type of spermicide then use it only if you are in a monogamous relationship with a person that you know is HIV-negative to avoid the said risk.

• IUDs or Intrauterine Devices. This type of birth control method may risk you of an ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy is a condition wherein a fertilized egg is implanted somewhere outside the womb (uterus) which is usually in one of the fallopian tubes. However, this may be a severe medical risk, but it can be treated and is very rare.


The decision on the kind of birth control method that one should use is to be discussed carefully with a doctor. With this said, a woman should carefully weigh the risks and benefits she is exposed to when choosing a particular birth control method.

Medications like Beyaz, which is a contraceptive pill should be discussed carefully with your doctor. And as a woman that would be using the medicine, further knowledge would help you out on what you should and should not do when using it. As a bonus, the Beyaz discount coupon is available and can be used to help you out in terms of finances.




Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here